Epidermoid cysts

Updated: 03.08.2023

Created: 27.12.2023

Approved by: General Practitioner, Dr Binita Parmar

Cysts are closed sacs filled with fluid or air. They can form almost anywhere in the body. Whilst most cysts are harmless and easy to remove some may be more difficult to remove especially if they are large, symptomatic or in sensitive areas. Sometimes you can get them in the outer layer of the skin called "epidermis" where they occur in areas with a lot of sebaceous glands. This is why they most often occur on the scalp, face and upper body. They can also penetrate deeper tissues if they become large. This can cause a painful inflammation where a lot of pus often forms.

Treatment of cysts

Treatment is frequently sought for cosmetic reasons or because the cyst causes discomfort or pain. The removal of the cyst involves either draining the fluid or surgically excising the cyst. This procedure is commonly performed in GP surgeries or at specialist clinics and is considered routine. Patients should consult with their GP or a dermatologist to discuss the best treatment options available.


Cysts often persist without treatment and may occasionally become irritated or form hard nodules. Draining a cyst provides temporary relief, but it may recur unless completely surgically removed. It's important to consult with a GP or specialist to discuss treatment options and potential outcomes.

General Practitioner

At Dr.Dropin our experienced GPs provide a wide range of primary care services, similar to those provided by the NHS, either in the clinic or through video consultations.


At Dr.Dropin, you will receive specialist care from our expert Consultant Dermatologists provided by skindoc. With extensive experience from both public and private hospitals, we can assess and treat most chronic and acute skin disorders – either in the clinic, through video, or via a photo upload service.