Varicose veins

Created: 03.08.2023

Updated: 22.12.2023

Approved by: General Practitioner, Dr Binita Parmar

Varicose veins are very common and occur in 20-25% of adult women and men. Varicose veins are formed when the valves that are supposed to prevent blood from stopping and flowing the wrong way in the blood vessels do not work properly. Blood that stops in the veins on the way back to the heart causes the pressure in the veins to increase, which causes the veins to bulge out and varicose veins to form.

Causes

The causes of varicose veins can vary, but they may be due to the weakening of the vein walls or valves, which causes blood to pool in the veins and cause them to dilate. This can also be linked to genetic predisposition, pregnancy, sedentary lifestyle, obesity or high blood pressure.

Symptoms

Varicose veins can cause unpleasant symptoms, such as pain, swelling, itching and fatigue in the legs. Severe cases can also lead to skin changes, such as ulcers or inflammation. A doctor or specialist can diagnose varicose veins by examining the legs and performing an ultrasound to look more closely at the veins.

Treatment

The treatment of varicose veins can vary depending on the severity and extent of the condition. Treatment options include lifestyle changes such as increased physical activity, weight loss, and the use of compression stockings. There are also various medications available to alleviate symptoms and reduce the risk of complications. In more severe cases, surgical or minimally invasive treatments may be necessary, such as ultrasound guided foam sclerotherapy or laser varicose vein treatment.

It is important to note that while varicose veins are usually not a serious condition, they can cause uncomfortable symptoms and increased risk of complications, and therefore should be taken seriously. A doctor or specialist can help you choose the best treatment method for you based on your specific condition and symptoms.

Doctor
General Practitioner

At Dr.Dropin our experienced GPs provide a wide range of primary care services, similar to those provided by the NHS, either in the clinic or through video consultations.

Dermatologist

At Dr.Dropin, you will receive specialist care from our expert Consultant Dermatologists provided by skindoc. With extensive experience from both public and private hospitals, we can assess and treat most chronic and acute skin disorders – either in the clinic, through video, or via a photo upload service.